Industry is a human activity practiced by humans since ancient times, and in spite of the history of the industrial revolution that caused the establishment of industry in our life in its current sense, but the emergence of industry coincides with the establishment of human civilization on earth.
The evolution of industrial development with human civilization development
The human society has gone through different stages, as it was initially a pastoral society that grazed cattle and moved from place to place in search of water and food, then it began to stabilize by staying in a specific place due to dependence on agriculture, becoming an agricultural society. It then gradually began to transform into an industrial society by transforming raw materials from raw materials into agriculture and production.
Then humans gradually evolved industry, starting with handicrafts and agriculture, then moving to the construction of the land and the construction of the building above it, and by time they were involved in getting to know metals and their uses; to proceed with the march of developments in the industry. It should be noted that the development of the industry has gone through several stages, the most important of which: agriculture and then move to the construction of land and construction of the above.
What is the industrial revolution?
The Industrial Revolution is known as the industrial stage that led to the replacement of handicrafts with the mechanical industry as a means of modern industrialization, associated with a range of research, and studies that contributed to the emergence of many inventions that worked on the development of the industrial sector, and the industrial revolution refers to the Renaissance in Europe during the 18th century which is an era that witnessed the evolution and development of all fields in life, as there was a need for many inventions and discoveries that changed the lives and minds of people 360 degrees.
Where did the industrial revolution take place?
In the 18th century, the steam machine was invented in England, capable of converting steam into energy, so Britain was the origin of the industrial revolution. This was due to Britain's economic power and geopolitical location far from conflicts; hence, the industrial revolution began to improve the lives of the British, encouraging the rest of the European countries to achieve their industrial revolutions. The 19th century was not over, but the industrial revolution spread to various parts of the world, especially Western Europe, North America, and Japan. Germany also started running the first steam-powered railway.
The reasons behind the industrial revolution:
-Thinking about improving agricultural production by relying on agricultural machinery in agriculture and harvesting.
- In addition to the emergence of new thinking using machinery in industrial production, depending on the range of modern inventions and scientific studies.
- The concern to achieve more efficient production, while reducing the effort and time required in the production process, was an important factor for the industrial revolution.
- Minimizing operating costs by eliminating labor and replacing them with low-cost machines.
- Planning for financial savings by relying on industrial industrial plans in the production of many materials.